Pilot city: Barcelona (Spain)
However, in a metropolitan vision where the public transport and private mobility services offer is lower, the car participation in the modal share is very high, creating several externalities such as congestion, poor air quality, and a social welfare loss. Indeed, there is a lack of mobility options from the travels from/to outside Barcelona city centre that leads to higher user of car in the modal share. This situation leads to high congestion levels, poor air quality, and other negative externalities of private motorised mobility. In January 2020, the low-emission zone came into force and, at the same time, the Barcelona metropolitan area experienced a growth of mobility services, with the objective to promote a behaviour change towards sustainable mobility.
• to expand the knowledge about end-users and their mobility patterns, • improve mobility planning, • obtain key performance indicators on level of services, and improve the information available to the users.